Fact 1 Origin and Name
Nipah virus (NiV): A zoonotic virus, originating in animals, crossed to humans. Named after a Malaysian village where first cases emerged in 1998-99.
Fact 2 Kerala Outbreak
Two suspected Nipah cases in Calicut, Kerala; two deaths from fever, one critical. Concerns of wider outbreak."
Fact 3 Private Hospital Deaths
The reported deaths occurred in a private hospital, raising concerns about the potential for further spread.
Fact 4 Mode of Transmission
Nipah spreads when humans consume contaminated fruits or date palm juice in contact with infected bat saliva/urine
Fact 5 Intermediate Hosts
The virus can spread via intermediate hosts. The Malaysia-Singapore 1998-99 outbreak likely started through contact with sick pigs or their contaminated tissues.
Fact 6 Symptoms
Nipah infection causes severe respiratory issues and encephalitis (brain fever) in humans. Early symptom recognition is crucial for effective treatment.
Fact 7 Natural Host
Fruit bats, known as flying foxes, are Nipah virus's natural hosts, common in South and Southeast Asia, often near human-populated areas.
Fact 8 Geographical Spread
Besides Malaysia, Singapore has also reported cases of Nipah virus, highlighting the potential for the virus to cross borders.
Fact 9 Preventive Measures
Preventing Nipah transmission: Avoid contact with contamination, maintain hygiene, raise awareness about virus and transmission.
Fact 10 Research and Monitoring
Continuous research and monitoring of Nipah virus and its potential outbreaks are essential for early detection and containment to prevent future public health crises.